Skincare Problems and Disorders
Trying to keep skin looking lovely is one thing; but skin problems and disorders can happen when the body is stressed through occupational tension, illness, hormonal imbalance or pregnancy. Skin ailments can range from overly dry skin conditions to irregular pigmentation and severe reddening. Each requires specialist care and attention but here's a breakdown of each as a general outline.
Skin DisordersEarly tell-tale signs to watch for includes skin texture that coarsens and feels sore, rough or scaly. As it's the skin's moisture content that keeps skin soft and healthy, a distinct lack can make skin sorely chafed and itchy. This point is in effect a danger, as bacterial, fungal and viral infections can trigger.
About Irritant EczemaOtherwise known as dermatitis, this is where external factors - allergies or irritants inflame skin and can adversely affect the protective layer. It can occur as scaling on the face, as an overly flaky scalp or as roughness on the hands or other parts of the body. Common culprits for this complaint can include household products across detergents, soap powders and cleaners; toiletries - especially hair dye, perfumes and cosmetics; jewellery rashes from nickel or gold alloys.
Atopic Eczema displays the same symptoms but is an internal inflammation of the skin. It can be inherited and lead to severe skin distress to the point of blistering, weeping and broken sleep as typically, the itching grows more aggravated at night.
Monitor possible causes such as diet - milk, eggs or fish can cause allergic symptoms; exposure to pets and dust; some 'irritating' fabrics such as wool and man-made and chafing underwear; over-heated conditions.
Soothing EczemaLavishing moisture back into the skin can calm and comfort a flare-up. The usual medical prescription will be anti-inflammatory creams with steroids to neutralise the inflammation plus emollients to re-nourish. A minimum effective strength is best as anything stronger can actually thin the skin. This is especially important on the face where unless specifically directed, they should not be used at all. Certain homeopathic and Chinese remedies may help add control but it's important to check your GP's opinion on this course of action first.
About PsoriasisCharacteristic skin areas affected are elbows, knees and scalp - sometimes in conjunction with nails and joint problems. Hereditary factors and stress are thought to be behind its overly fast rate of skin cell renewal. The results are red with white scale cells in clusters or psoriasis patches. Linked in with extremely dry skin, it is helped by emollient creams, topical steroids and sunlight.
About IcthyosisThis is a congenital skin disease where skin condition goes into excessively dry overdrive. Both scaly and itchy, it has an extreme fish-skin like appearance.
Tips for Extreme Dry Skin Conditions:
- Use a good moisturiser and sunscreen lotion all year round. Moisturise skin before, during and after bathing with oils and emollients. Bathe in tepid water and don't soak for long. Avoid soap, especially perfumed, with tar or sulphur and common, household irritants such as detergents.
- Fatty based emollients are this skin's best friends and will help to offset prolonged steroid use. Most hydrating but can cosmetically feel a bit thick on application. White soft paraffin is an example. Water-based creams are more pleasant but less potent as moisturisers - these include household names E45, Oilatum, Neutrogena.